Thursday, 20 February 2014

How to cater for dyslexia in the classroom?

A few jottings from pd this year

Classroom Strategies

What is dyslexia?
‘A specific learning difference for any given level of ability, which may cause unexpected difficulties, in the acquisition of certain skills.’

BOOK:  Removing dyslexia is a barrier to achievement

Don’t refer to a child as dyslexic unless absolutely diagnosed with it. Look at the childs strengths. These are what we need to focus on rather than letting them know whats wrong with them.

1. use post its - present a way of not having to write much.

2. Have a buddy to scribe for them

Visual cues
Ways of recording voice to access materials other than print
Hands on learning activities
kinesthetic approach MI approaches
environment - not too much on walls to over stimulate
use of technologies
teacher / buddy scribe
desks in small groups
clay and tactile materials for learning
brain breaks
colour background of IWB and print support materials
choice in activities to show learning
small collaborative brain storming

Kids remember 90% of what their peers teach them.

Physical environment
ordered and organised
label resources using words, colour, symbols or pictures
Have spare pens rulers etc to help unorganised ids
visual daily timetable to help organisation
Relocate dyslexic to well lit areas
eliminate noise

large number of dyslexics are left handed

choice of working spaces
hands on equipment
break into chunks
font size 14 minimum

4 main areas where problems generally occur in the classroom
  1. visual sequencing working memory
  2. auditory sequential working memory
  3. information processing
  4. phonological awareness

Equipment to use in classroom
  • alphabet magnetic letters
  • scrabble letters
  • playdough or clay

Teaching Resources
  • colour acetate or files to cover text
  • aquila books - crossbow education acetate rulers
  • highlighters
  • post its
  • strips of paper

Colour can be a problem for dyslexic children

Teacher Language
  • You try, I’ll help
  • Can you clap it?
  • You spell, I’ll write
  • Give words that rhyme
  • What do you know about that word

Mark what they get write! Keep it positive and highlight strengths

Make and Break
give them the letters and they make the word
look cover write doesn’t work

Touch typing will learn right finger positions to assist in remembering through kinesthetic positions

Getting them over the fear to get started
  • sentence starters
  • sound starter
  • pictures
  • speech bubbles
  • cut up sentences

Read comprehension questions first to prepare them before reading the text

Paired Reading
  • read book together out loud at the same time
  • they choose the material
  • no teaching or sounding out

Computer Programmes
  • cross trainer
  • jungle memory
  • memory booster
  • reading plus

  • iwordQ    $34
  • Clarospeak   $13
  • Typo
  • Book Creator  (can be stored in ibooks)
  • Pictello
  • Vbookz
  • POW strip writer
  • Puppet pals
  • Sentence Maker
  • Toontastic ( year 4 up)

What is Irlen Syndrome?
A perceptual processing disorder caused by the brain’s inability to process specific wavelengths of light affecting academic and work performance, behaviour, attention, ability to sit still, concentration

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